Postal Stamp Image : PIGEON POST 1390 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 03/11/1989
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 1.00
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 1390
Postal Stamp Name : PIGEON POST
Stamp Information : Pigeon Post The Pigeon is man's close companion and exhibits no fear in his presence. Pigeons have a natural habit of returning unerringly to their homes after a flight. From the Khalif of Baghdad, Sultan Narrdin's regular post covering his entire state in 1146 AD., recorded pigeon messages have been used on many interesting ocasions. The messge of victory in the Battle of Waterloo sent from Waterloo to London in 1815 was a notable one. During World War I "Cheer-Am 1", a homing pigeon of the American Army, helped insaving a lost American battalion from being captured by the Germans. In India, Chandragupta Maurya, Emperor Ashok and the Mughal Emperors used pigeons as message carriers. The Orissa Police is the only state force in India to have adopted and maintained this method of communication since 1946. The procured 40 pigeons from the departing colonial government at the close of the Second World War. The force now has a strength of 1926 Homing Pigeons spread over 17 plice districts of the state. The pigeons are trained on three courses-static, mobile and boomerang. The static category forms a batch inwhich pigeons are moved with the forces leaving headquarters for remote areas and are released in the sky whenever the need arises for communicating with Headquarters. In the mobile category, the police take the trailer alongwith pigeons to the place of operation. In the third-boomerang-category, the pigeons are trained to deliver and return with the message within their flying area, usually restricted to 50 miles both ways. Pigeons are cheap to maintain in terms of diet as well as rooming space. Supplied with potash disslved drinking water and a special regualr diet of shark lever oil twice daily, the racing homing pigeon's life-span covers 15-20 years with an active life ranging from seven to ten years. Such a bird of proper health, can fly upto 1000 km. at a stretch at a hight of about 150-200 ft. The information to be communicated is written on a small sheet and tied round the feet of the pigeon in a plastic capsule. Usually two birds with the same message are released simultaneously. so that even if one wanders away or is attacked by hawks, the other will not be fail to deliver. The Orissa Plice has achieved immense reesults in times of emergencies, natural calamities, riotous situations and times of stress and starin, by the use of carrier pigeons. During the Postal centenary celebrations of 1954 at Delhi the Homing Pigeons of the Orissa police gave a successful demonstration, by conveying the message of inauguration from the President to the Prime Minister. When the foundation stone of the largest, Hirakund, Dam was to be laid by Prime Minister Nehru on 13-4-48, he desired certain changes in the public meeting scheduled at Cuttack. The Homing pigeon of the State Police transported his message from Sambalpur to Cuttack 400 km. away in hours, to his great delight.
Philatelic Stamp Description : The stamp has been developed by India Security Press based on designs provided by Madhukar Dewagaonka. Cancellation design is by Kamalakshya Kanungo.
Stamp Currency : R
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.55 X 2.5 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 35
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Horizontal
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked P.G. Matt coated paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 15,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Brown
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