IndianPost


Postal Stamp Image : RADIO TELESCOPE OOTY 1040 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 23/03/1982
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 3.05
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 1040
Postal Stamp Name : RADIO TELESCOPE OOTY
Stamp Information : SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RADIO TELESCOPE, OOTY This large Radio Telescope, which is in the form of a parabolic cylinder 530 M long X 30 M wide, operating at 327 MHz, is one of the largest telescopes in the world operating at Meter wavelengths. It is four times more sensitive than the 76 meter diameter Jodrell Bank parabolic dish. The reflecting surface of the telescope consists of 1100 thin stainless steel wires which are supported on 24 steel frames mounted on 24 equidistant steel towers. The beam of the Telescope can be steered in the East-West direction by mechanical steering; whereas that it in the North-South direction is done electronically. Radio signals are received by 1056 half wave dipoles at the focal line. Making use of an appropriate hill slope, the axis of the instrument has been kept parallel to the earth's axis of rotation. The concept, design, fabrication and the resources for this telescope are fully indigenous. The telescope is operated by the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research under the auspices of the Department of Atomic Energy of the Government of India. Scientific Programmes and Significant Results: Lunar Occultation of Radio sources: The telescope is occupied for about 10 hours a day for survey and studies of radio sources in the sky by the Lunar occultation technique. Since February 1970, about 1200 radio sources have been observed. The information, particularly of the angular size of weaker sources, has provided an independent evidence in support of the Big Bang model. The observations have also helped in understanding the physics of radio sources. Interplanetary Scintillation Observations: The telescope is used for the study of compact radio sources by observing the fluctuation of the intensity of radio signals from radio sources caused by the interplanetary medium. This information is valuable for cosmological investigations and also gives one of the best early warnings for geomagnetic disturbances. Pulsars: In a systematic search for pulsars have been discovered at Ooty. One of these is a pulsar with a large duty cycle of 21% as against a normal duty cycle of 3 to 5% Certain characteristics of twelve weak pulsars also have been determined. The telescope is also used for other programmes such as flare stars, radio recombination line and deuterium studies etc. Future Development: To enable studies of radio sources beyond the path of the moon in the sky at high resolution and with high sensitivity, a synthesis radio telescope consisting of even smaller antennae and the Ooty radio telescope over a baseline of 4 Km is being constructed. The aim is to achieve a resolution of 40 secs of arc at 327 MHz, and a sensitivity of 5 millijansky for 10 hours integration time. There are plans to extend the baseline to 9 Km which will improve the performance further by a recto of about 2 to 3. Technological fall-outs from the Ooty Radio Telescope Project: The indigenous design, fabrication and erection of the Ooty radio telescope has resulted in infusing confidence for self reliance in the whole area relating to the design and fabrication of large microwave antennae in India. A novel of form of low cost but high efficiency solar energy concentrator, based on a concept of the Ooty Radio telescope, has been designed and its feasibility study is in progress. Indian Posts and Telegraphs Department is happy to issue a stamp to commemorate achievements in Science and Technology. (Text by courtesy: Department of Science and Technology).
Philatelic Stamp Description : Description of Designs The stamp depicts the Radio Telescope at Ooty. First day cover has been designed by FN XIII Advertising Company and cancellation by Charanjit Lal.
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Type : COMMEMORATIVE
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 X 2.9
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.55 X 2.5 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 35
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked adhesive stamp paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 20,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Yellow, Red, Blue and Black
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