Postal Stamp Image : DEENABANDHU C. F. ANDREWS (PHILOSOPHER) 0634 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 12/02/1971
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 0.20
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 0634
Stamp Information : Charles Freer Andrews, known affectionately to millions of Indians as 'Deenbandhu Andrews' was a true Christian in every sense of the term and a great humanitarian. He loved India with such intense love that though born an Englishman, he completely identified himself with the people of India and made their sorrows and aspirations his own. C. F. Andrews was born in New-castle-on Tyne on February 12, 1871. He grew in childhood in an atmosphere of prayer and meditation. The impact of Church sevice and the religious life of his parents helped his passionate devotion to religion, developed from the very early days of childhood. It was his father who installed him a thirst of knowledge. Andrews, a brilliant student of King Edward VI School stood first in Classical III at the age of fifteen. He could quote from memory long passeges of Greek and Latin verses. Andrews was selected for a Classical Scholarship at Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1883, he took a first class in classical Tripos, and obtained a Fellowship in 1889 and came to Cambridge to teach Theology. On March 20, 1904, Andrews came to India as a Christian missionary and joined the staff of St. Stephen's College in Delhi. Soon he found his goal among the poor and oppressed people in India. He was shocked to find that untouchability and racial injustice were eating into vitals of Indian life. Andrews felt the agony of the suffering Indians and realised the urgent need for India's independence, the desire for which was already ripe among the political leaders of the country then. He strongly supported Dadabhai NAoroji, who voiced for the first time India's claim for Swaraj in 1906. Deenabandhu Andrews met Rabindra Nath Tagore in England in 1912 at the house of William Rothenstein. The beauty of Tagore's poetry moved him and opened up new vistas before his mind. His meeting with Rabindra Nath Tagore further strengthened his kinship with India and he came to look upon Tagore as his Gurudeva. The conditions of Indians in South Africa who were deprived of social rights on the grounds of racial discrimination agrieved him much. He was shocked to hear about the indentured labour system. When he went to Durban in January, 1914 with Gopal Krishna Gokhale, he met Mahatma Gandhi who was fightng for the rights of Indians. His sympathy for the Indians in Fuji was intensified when he read the book 'The Fiji of Today.' When Gokhale died, Andrews took up his unfinished work of redressing the distress of the Indians inFiji. He worked very hard to bring and end to the hartless system of indenture. and this was finally accomplished on January 1, 1920. He was indeed a great friend of poor Indians in Fiji, who called him 'Deenabandhu' meaning the friend of the humble, in 1917. This title has struck to him ever since. The distress of the poor Indian labourers led Andrews to work for their welfare. He was himself the leader of the newly formed labour union. He travelled untiringly from Assam to Ceylon to remove the suferings of Indian workers. He was alsoa friend of the railwaymen and was the peace-maker on the occasion of the railway strike in March, 1921. He was twice elected as President of the All India Trade Union Congress. For the next 20 years, Deenabandhu was everywhere. He was in the Punjab after terrible event of Jallianwala Bagh, asking forgiveness in person for wrongs and injustices committed by his own nation. He was many times in South Africa and Kenya, upholding the Indian honour and self-respect against insults and racial discrimination. Then many times, he was with gandhiji, and always in Gandhiji's times of special need - in sickness, during the great fasts of self-purification, as at the Round Table Conference in London. His temporary home in India was Santiniketan. He along with W. W. Pearson worked in Santiniketan to share the burdens of RAbindra Nath Tagore. He loved Santiniketan as it was to him an abode of boundless peace. Mahatma Gandhi and Gurudev Tagore were the closest associates of Andrews. He was 'Charlie' to both of them. He supported Gandhiji's campaign of non-violence. He loved and revered Gandhiji as he believed that he deliverance of the suffering people of India would come through him. He pleaded strongly for India's independence. Andrews devoted to the poorest and lowliest was prompted by love. He was a true Christian and a humanitarian. In every action he took he felt that he was inspired by the spirit of the Lord Jessus Christ. When Andrews wrote his own life story, he called it, "What I owe to Christ." He als\ways carried with him Christ's message of love. Charles Freer Andrews has been rightly called the Christ's Faithful Apostle. He died in Calcutta in 1940 in his 70th year. He was a real friend of India and made India his spiritual home. He ived and died for India. The Posts and Telegraphs Department feels privileged to pay its homage to this great friend of India by issuing a special commemorative stamp on this occasion of his birth centenary.
Philatelic Stamp Description : DESCRIPTION OF DESIGN The design of the stamp is vertical and depicts a portrait of Deenbandhu C.F. Andrews.
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 x 2.9
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.56 x 2.5 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 35
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Diagonal
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked adhesive stamp paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 30,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Mineral Red
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