Postal Stamp Image : MAHARA 1160 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 05/06/1985
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 0.50
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 1160
Postal Stamp Name : MAHARA
Stamp Information : BOUGAINVILLEA With its spectacular mass of brightly coloured bracts, the Bougainvillea is unrivalled both in beauty and utility, particularly in the gardens of the tropics and sub-tropics. The Bougainvillea, a native of South America, was first collected by Commerson, a French botanist at Rio De Janerio, Brazil, who named it after Louis Antoine de Bougainvillea, the French navigator, with whom he went on a voyage round the world during 1766-1769. From its native home in South America, the Bougainvillea moved out to Europe during the 19th century and from there it was introduced into tropical Asia, Africa, Australia, New Zealand and other countries. It was first introduced to India in 1860. The Bougainvillea belongs to the family Nyctaginaceae. Three species of Bougainvillea namely B. Spectabillis, B. glabra and B. peruviana are considered to be of horticultural importance. Some botanists also list B. buttiana, a natural hybrid between B. peruviana and B. glabra as a separate species. There are numerous cultivars developed in Bougainvillea, which have mainly arisen as a result bud sports, or as seeding variations as a result of chance crossing in our country. In India, the work on development of new Bougainvillea cultivars was taken up initially by some horticulturists and now systematic research work on the subject is being done by various Agricultural, Horticultural and Botanical Research Institutes. Some of the popular Bougainvillea cultivars developed in India are Dr. R.R. Pal, Mary Palmer, Princess Margaret Rose, Shubra, Scarlet Queen, Louisewathem, Enid Lancaster, Scarlet Glory, Mrs. H.C. Buck, Partha, Trinidad, Sachidananda, Srinivasa, Dr. B.P. Pal, Wajid Ali Shah, Begum Sikandar, Mary Palmer special, Spring festival, Rao etc. The I.A.R.I., New Delhi is also the International Registration authority for Bougainvilleas, and they have recently brought out a checklist of more than 300 different cultivars. Bougainvillea is a very colourful plant with colour of bracts ranging from deep magenta to white, incluiding purple, mauve, orange, red, scarlet, crimson, pink and yellow. There are also some verities with flowers of two colours on the same plant and those in which the colour of the bracts changes with time, giving the effect of two or three colours. In recent years, a large number of multibracted and double bracted verities have also been developed which have more than the usual three bracts. There are also verities with variegated leaves, which is a novelty by itself. Because of their easy-to-grow attribute and versatility, Bougainvillea has become very popular with the garden lovers and landscape architects. The Bougainvillea are commonly grown as pot plants, climbers, shrubs, bush specimens hedges, arches or pergolas, espalier, up a tree or stump, on slopes and mounds etc. (Text by Dr. Brijendra Singh and Dr. N.K. Dadlani) The two varieties featured on the stamps i.e. Mahara and H.B. Singh are amongst the finest cultivars popularly grown in India. MAHARA: characterised by Carmine red (or deep pink), compact large bunches, the Mahara blooms freely for major part of the year. H.B. SINGH: This variety has attractive brats of mauve colour. The gorgeous blooms available for most of the year. The Department of Posts, India is privileged to issue these two colourfull stamps on Bougainvillea, a tribute to all horticulturists and botanists engaged in the propagation of this bright and colourful plant.
Philatelic Stamp Description : Description of Designs The stamp has been designed by India Security Press, Nasik. The 50p. stamp features the variety Mahara while the H.B. Singh is depicted on the 100p. stamp. The First Day Cover has been designed by Alka Sharma. The cancellation design is by Nenu Bagga.
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 4.06 x 2.7
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.71 x 2.3 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 40
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Vertical
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked adhesive coated paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 15,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Multicolour
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