Postal Stamp Image : PREM CHAND WRITER 0976 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 31/07/1980
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 0.30
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 0976
Postal Stamp Name : PREM CHAND WRITER
Stamp Information : Nawab Rai/Dhanapat Rai (pen-name 'Prem Chand') was born on 31 July 1880 in Lamahi, a village near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. His earliest schooling was in Persian and Urdu with a Maulvi in a village nearby. Later, he joined an English school in the city and passed his Enterance examination in 1898. His school education then came to an end because with the death of his father in 1897 (his mother died when he was only 8), he had to earn a livelihood. He passed his intermidiate and B.A. examinations as a private student years later while in service. He took up a teacher's job in a private school at Chunar (Off Mirzapur) shortly after he passed his Enterance examination. After one academic year at Chunar, he joined government service and taught at various places in Uttar Pradesh for twenty-one years. Responding to Gandhiji's call to the government servants to give up their job, he resigned from service on 16 February 1921. This was a crucial decision for him as he did not know where his next meal was to come from. However, with his wife, Shivrani Devi, a child widow he had married in 1906 and who bore him six children (three of whom are alive), steadfastly supporting him, the momentous decision was taken. Thereafter, he worked for a short spell at the Kashi Vidyapeeth and then at a private institution at Kanpur as Headmaster. However, after about a year he was back in Varanasi and set about establishing a printing press and a publishing house. Half-way through he ran out of money and was forced to seek a job again. He took up the edtorship of the Hindi magazine Madhuri and held it for six years. Then he brought out his own magazine Hans, followed by the wekly Jagaran, ran into substantial debts on their account, joined a film company at Bombay to wipe off debts, found the film-world distasteful and was back home within one year. Shortly thereafter, he fell ill and died on 8 October 1936. The earliest writing of Prem Chand is a short novel in Urdu called Asrar-i-Maabid (Mysteries of a Temple) serialised in a Benaras weekly (1903-1905). Next came a small collection of patriotic stories, Soz-i-Watan, published in 1909. It was banned by the Government and its copies burnt. That led him to adopt the pen-name 'Prem Chand' in 1910. BAra Ghar Ki Beti was the first story to appear under the new name. In his creative life of thirty-three years he has left behind a body of work which is outstanding in quality and stupendous in quantity. It consists of some three hundred short stories (some of them still surfacing), fifteen big and small novels, three plays, a few translations, some essays on languages and literature, and a sizeable bulk of journalistic writing. With stories like Kafan, Poos Ki Raat, Savaa Ser Gehun, Rangbhumi, Kayakalpa, Gaban, Karmabhumi and Godan as also shorterones like NIrmala and Pratigya, he took the Urdu and Hindi fiction into the wide world of live flesh-and-blood human beings, thus making it a truly modern genre of writing- a vehicle of the writer's social concerns. The short story is the genre, in particular, wherin he is considered one of the great world masters. He is universally acknowledged as the best portrayer of the peasant India among modern writers. He has been widely translated at home and abroad. Indian Posts and Telegraphs Department is privileged to honour the memory of a great literateure by issuing a special postage stamp.
Philatelic Stamp Description : The stamp and the first day cover depict the portrait of Prem Chand.
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.55 X 2.5 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 35
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Vertical
Postage Stamp Paper : Watermarked paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 20,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Red Brown
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